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High-trunk orchards

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High-trunk orchards

foto: Jošt Stergaršek

The specific characteristics of the Notranjska climate (lower temperatures) call for specific fruit varieties, which means that in distant past, fruit growing wasn't particularly developed. People would grow seedlings at home and graft them together with varieties they brought in from other regions. The old fruit varieties were planted in the gardens carefully and systematically, often to the extent that provided garden owners with regular source of fruit in autumn, spring and summer – they combined varieties that retain their quality and last through winter, with varieties that are ready to use immediately after picking.

Fruit trees were also often planted by the roads so that they gave shade to travellers. Out of the old fruit-tree avenues, only the row of pears between the villages of Lipsenj and Gorenje Jezero is preserved.

High-trunk orchards in the Notranjska region represent a gene bank of irreplaceable varieties and play an important role in the shaping of cultural landscape.

Among the old varieties in the Notranjska region are the following: orchard apple or bobovec (processed into cider and apple juice), Belle de Boskoop or kosmač, (for procession and fresh use), Crown Prince Rudolf or carjevič (for procession and fresh use), goriška sevka (procession; long-lasting variety suitable for the area), gravestein or grafenštajnc (very tasty), Canadian reinette or kanadka, Cox's orange pippin or oranžna reneta, yellow transparent or beličnik, and a variety called krivopecelj.

First planned tree-lined avenues:  18th century
Life expectancy of high-trunk pears: up to 200 years.
Length of the roadside avenue of pears:  3 km
Most common fruit:  apples, pears, plums
See also

Rural architecture

The Menišija plateau

European Beech (Fagus sylvatica)